Quebec’s labour standards policy

Quebec is a province of Canada. Quebec’s labour standards policy dates back to 1885. This section contains detailed information on regulated professions and equivalent job titles.

Well-established labour standards

Stemming from a long evolutionary process inspired by the Manufacturing Act of 1885, Quebec’s Act respecting labour standards sets out working conditions in the absence of a collective agreement or work contract. It ensures that workers benefit from decent working conditions, in particular by establishing minimum wages, paid holidays, layoff procedures, etc. Needless to say, employers may offer conditions that are superior to those imposed by law. It is interesting to note that based on 2010 data, only 3% of full-time workers in Quebec were paid the minimum wage.

In the area of labour standards, foreign workers enjoy the same protections as Quebec workers and are eligible for the services offered by Quebec’s Labour Standards Commission (Commission des normes du travail/CNT).

Examples of labour standards and conditions

  • Eight paid holidays per year
  • Minimum wage of 12,50 $ per hour
  • The workweek cannot exceed 40 hours
  • Overtime hours are paid as “time and a half” (i.e. 50% more)
  • Average of two weeks of paid vacation per year
  • Parental leave of up to one year (for both parents)
  • Effective employment insurance (under this program, benefits are paid for a limited time period).

For further information on labour standards, please visite teh CNT's website.

Equivalent terminology

Job titles may vary from country to country. Therefore, you should use the right terminology when looking for a job. For further information, please consult the site operated by Human Resources and Skills Development Canada and the national occupational classification, as well as the “Explore a trade or profession” section on Emploi-Québec (Employment Quebec)(labour market information).

Regulated professions

A regulated profession is subject to local or provincial laws and is overseen by a professional association (known as “professional orders” in Quebec). Professional orders determine admission criteria, evaluate candidates’ qualifications and degrees/diplomas and issue certificates, reserved titles or practice permits for qualified candidates. This system is completely independent and completely separate from the immigration process.

Each institution decides what equivalencies will be granted for admission purposes. If foreign-trained individuals do not know what level of education their application pertains to, they should contact the Ministère de l'Immigration, de la diversité et de l'Inclusion du Québec (Ministry of immigration, diversity and inclusion) to obtain a comparative evaluation for studies completed outside Quebec.

Consult the MIDI’s fact sheet entitled “L’exercice d’une profession régie par un ordre professionnel” (practicing a profession overseen by a professional order).

Consult the list of regulated professions in Quebec.

Consult the OPQ’s website (Quebec Professional Office)

For regulated trades and professional qualifications, consult Employment Quebec’s professional qualifications guide (Guide de la qualification professionnelle).

For the construction industry trades, consult the CCQ’s website (Quebec Construction Commission).

For engineers, the Quebec Order of Engineers (OIQ) has a fast-track membership program administered by the Center RIRE 2000 , in collaboration with Emploi-Quebec, the OIQ and Université Laval.


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