Read this section to learn all about the steps to follow to become a permanent resident of Canada.
To become a permanent resident and settle in Canada on a long-term basis, and more specifically in Quebec, you will first need a Québec Selection Certificate (CSQ) issued by the Ministry of Immigration, Diversity and Inclusion, and then a Canadian permanent resident visa issued by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada.
Two programs allow access to permanent residence for skilled workers:
Once you hold a CSQ, you can initiate the process of filing your application for permanent residence with Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada for skilled workers selected by Quebec.
The Québec Experience Program (PEQ)
The PEQ is aimed at the following people:
Temporary foreign workers in Quebec
To be eligible for the PEQ as a temporary foreign worker, the candidate must meet the following conditions:
Foreign students who graduated in Quebec
To be eligible for the PEQ as a Quebec graduate, the candidate must meet the following conditions:
The Ministry of Immigration, Diversity and Inclusion of Quebec may amend its immigrant selection rules.
Please note that the Ministry is temporarily suspending the receipt of applications for permanent immigration from the Québec Graduates component of the Québec Experience Program (PEQ).
How long do I need to wait before acquiring citizenship? Do my children also become citizens?
Adults and certain minors must have been physically present in Canada for at least 1,095 days over the course of the five years preceding the date on which they signed their application.
I currently hold a Working Holiday Permit (WHP) from 2015 (2 years ago). Today, my current employer plans to keep me. What visa can I apply for?
Holding a WHP from 2015 prevents you from submitting an application for a Young Professionals permit, since you have already spent a two-year period under the IEC (International Experience Canada) program.
Depending on the conditions of the job that you perform, you may be able to apply for a Québec Selection Certificate (CSQ) through the Québec Experience Program for specialized temporary foreign workers. However, you must have worked for a period of 12 of the last 24 months for a Quebec employer.
A CSQ lets you reduce the time required to obtain a permit renewal, and your employer will need to carry out the compliance procedures. Note that this must be done before your current work permit expires.
Conversely, you can go through the regular work permit application program, which will take more or less time depending on the nature of your job, especially if you qualify for exemptions from Labour Market Impact Assessments (LMIAs).
When going through the regular program, because we are not eligible for the PEQ, how long do we need to wait before we can file an application for a Québec Selection Certificate (CSQ)?
Everyone who wants to immigrate to Quebec within the Regular Skilled Worker Program is required to go through Arrima.
Consult the “Arrima” website for more information